The Mail-in Ballot – An Open Invitation to Fraud

by Paul R. Hollrah
September 9, 2020


Throughout their entire history as a political party, Democrats have worked diligently, day and night, to find creative new ways to steal elections.

On Tuesday, November 3, 2020, some 130,000,000 Americans will choose a new president and vice president to manage the executive branch of our federal government for the next four years.  It will be the most momentous decision they will ever make because the outcome of the election may very well determine our future as a free people.  It will likely be the most crucial decision the American people have made since the General Election of 1864, in which President Abraham Lincoln defeated Democrat George B. McClellan.    

According to a September 11, 2014, story in the Washington Post, the New York legislature enacted a mail-in ballot law in April 1864, a law intended to ensure the right to vote for all New York citizens who were serving in the military.  A Lincoln supporter of Clinton County, New York, Orville Wood, was sent to Fort McHenry, in Maryland, where the 91st New York was quartered.  His job was to ensure that the Clinton County ticket was properly voted.

Under the New York mail-in ballot law, troops in the field were able to authorize fellow New Yorkers to carry their ballots back home and cast them in their stead.  In addition to mail-in ballots, troops received a power of attorney form which required four signatures: the voter’s, the person authorized to receive the ballot, a witness to the signed affidavit, and a fellow officer.

A man named Moses Ferry, a McClellan supporter, had been appointed by New York Governor Horatio Seymour to oversee the handling of mail-in ballots for all New York troops in the field.  However, by the time Wood visited Ferry’s Baltimore office, he was already hearing whispers that fraud had been committed in the handling of the New York ballots.  With that suspicion in mind, Wood decided to masquerade as a Democrat and a strong McClellan supporter. 

When he arrived at Ferry’s office, he was informed that the votes of the 91st Regiment had already been tallied and that McClellan, a Democrat, had received 400 votes and Lincoln just 11 votes.  Convinced of Wood’s feigned allegiance, Ferry quickly recruited him as a co-conspirator, assigned him a desk, and put him to work forging the signatures of non-existent members of the 16th New York Cavalry. 

After being introduced to a close associate and leading co-conspirator of the New York ballot fraud, Edward Donahue, Jr., Wood soon learned that the ballot fraud was being perpetrated by a team of some 20 co-conspirators.  He then reported the fraud to authorities and two weeks before the 1864 election, Ferry and Donahue stood trial in a military court. 

In addressing the military tribunal, the judge advocate noted that Donahue had engaged in a “tremendous fraud against America – a fraud which, if it shall be successful, will, in my opinion, have produced a disruption of our entire country, and our war for the preservation of the Union will be practically at an end and futile.”  He went on to say, “A crime so enormous as this calls for a vigorous punishment, and I do not hesitate to say merits the extreme penalty of death.”

Although they ultimately escaped the hangman’s noose, Ferry and Donahue were each sentenced to life in prison for their attempt to manipulate the 1864 mail-in ballot process.  It is a crime that partisan Democrats clearly do not take seriously.  If only our courts in 2020 could be counted upon to take evidence of vote fraud just as seriously.

Wall Street Journal reporter John Fund, author of the book, “Stealing Elections – How Voter Fraud Threatens Our Democracy,” tells of the experience of University of Oregon Professor Melody Rose.  Professor Rose has testified that “Ballots can easily be stolen from mailboxes, and registered voters who don’t vote wouldn’t bother to inform election officials if they failed to receive a ballot.”  Professor Rose reported that she, herself, once stopped by a library, after hours, to deposit her ballot, only to find an overflowing bin of ballots in a box in the lobby.  She speculated that she could easily have taken all of them to her car and done some “creative pruning,” based on where people lived or their gender.  

In the aftermath of the Civil War, it was some years before Democrats were able to reestablish the political power they had enjoyed before the war.  However, in the 1892 General Election, Democrats took control of the White House and both houses of Congress.  They saw it as a golden opportunity to repeal most, if not all, of the civil rights legislation passed by Republicans in the 26 years since the close of the war.  Accordingly, they introduced The Repeal Act of 1894, which would have removed all federal marshals stationed throughout the South for the purpose of guaranteeing the voting rights of former slaves.  The repeal passed the House on October 10, 1893, and the Senate on February 7, 1894.  Just before the final vote, Senator George Hoar (R-MA) took the floor and presented the following argument.  He said:

“Wherever there is a crevice in our protection of the freedom of the ballot there you will find the Democratic Party trying to break through.  Wherever we have left open an opportunity to get possession of an office contrary to the true and constitutional will of the majority, there you will find that party pressing; there you will find that party exercising an ingenuity before which even the great inventive genius of (the) American People, exerted in other directions, fails and is insignificant in the comparison…  

“Mr. President, this is a question of fraud or no fraud.  They tell us that there have been some Republican invasions of the elective franchise, and it is quite possible, but where can you find one well-authenticated case of a man who has been deprived or inconvenienced in the exercise of his franchise by these United States marshals or other officers, I will pledge myself to find ten thousand well established by evidence on record here where, without those securities, Republicans have been deprived of their votes by Democratic practices.  I incur no danger in making that challenge.  If you will produce me a citizen of the United States, a Democrat, who lost his honest vote in consequence of intimidation or impediment created by these United States marshals, I will find on record here the proof of ten thousand Republicans who have lost their votes by Democratic practices…. 

“Mr. President, the nation must protect its own.  Every citizen whose right is imperiled, if he be but one, when it is a right of national citizenship and a right conferred and enjoyed under the Constitution of the United States, has the right to demand for its protection the entire force of the United States until the Army has spent its last man and the Navy fired its last gun.  Most of us have nothing else than the right to vote….  The urn in which the American casts his ballot ought to be, aye, and it shall be, as sacred as a sacramental vessel.”

There is no evidence that Democrats have “cleaned up their act” in the 126-year period since Senator Hoar threw down the gauntlet in such dramatic fashion.  For example, a study conducted by the New York Post immediately after the November 2000 General Election, found that 14,496 New York City area residents were registered to vote in both New York and Florida.  Many of those individuals vote in person in one jurisdiction and by absentee ballot in the other, apparently unaware that failure to report a prior voter registration is punishable by up to five years in prison in Florida and up to four years in New York.  It’s time we insisted that those laws be enforced.

How widespread is double voting?  A National Review story published on April 2, 2014 reported the results of a study of the 2012 General Election conducted by the North Carolina Board of Elections.  The study compared North Carolina’s voter rolls to those of 27 other states and 101 million out-of-state voter records.  It found that 35,570 North Carolina voters shared the identical first name, last name, and date of birth with persons who voted in other states.  Another 765 North Carolinians who voted in 2012 shared the same names, birthdays, and final four digits of a social security number as voters in other states.  On January 26, 2019, Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton announced that his state had discovered 95,000 non-citizens on the voter rolls going back to 1996, 58,000 of whom had voted in at least one Texas election.       

As a means of preventing fraudulent in-person voting, Republicans have supported legislation requiring voters to provide a recent photo-ID before voting.  Democrats have opposed the legislation in every instance, in spite of the fact that a photo-ID is required when purchasing cigarettes and alcohol, opening a bank account, applying for public assistance, applying for Medicaid or Social Security, renting or purchasing a home or an automobile, boarding an airplane, purchasing a firearm, and numerous other everyday activities.

Why would Democrats oppose photo-ID laws and support mail-in ballots so strenuously?  There is only one correct answer to that question, and we all know what it is.  Their purpose is to make the system as fraud-friendly as possible because they know they cannot win elections honestly.

There can be little doubt that, if the Democrats’ demand for a universal mail-in ballot is successful, the process of determining a winner in the 2020 presidential election will be a complete fiasco, a national embarrassment, a process that could end in massive bloodshed. 

Given the level of murder, mayhem, looting, and arson that now takes place in Democrat-controlled cities all across America, those of us who honor the Ten Commandments, the Golden Rule, and the Rule of Law are well-advised to prepare for a long period of civil unrest.  It appears to be a price Democrats are willing to pay for the opportunity to place the levers of international power into the hands of a befuddled old man from Delaware and a constitutionally ineligible and politically radical female from the once-great state of California.  God save us.      

Paul R. Hollrah is a retired government relations executive and a two-time member of the U.S. Electoral College.  He currently lives and writes among the hills and lakes of northeast Oklahoma’s Green Country.

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The Black Man in America

by Paul R. Hollrah
August 28, 2020

The history of African Americans in the United States spans a period of 401 years, from August 1619, when the first slave ship arrived at Jamestown, until May 25, 2020, when a black man named George Floyd was murdered by white police officers in Minneapolis, Minnesota.  That 401-year period can be divided into three distinct phases:

1)  The Bondage era: The 243-year period between the arrival of the first slave ship in 1619 and
      the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation in September 1862;
2)  The Jim Crow era: The 92-year period between emancipation and the 1954 Brown v. Board
     of Education
decision, a period when black men were legally emancipated but brutally
     oppressed by Black Codes, Jim Crow Laws, and Democratic lynch mobs; and
3)  The Wasted years: The 66-year period between the Brown v. Board of Education decision
      and the pointless death of George Floyd at the hands of Minneapolis police in May 2020. 

So, the question arises, how will historians describe the next phase of the black man’s life in America?  How will we get beyond the lost opportunities of the wasted years when African Americans in great numbers turned their backs on their shot at the American Dream, choosing instead to trade their votes and their political allegiance for a vast array of social welfare programs that proved to be so destructive of the family unit and so poisonous to the human spirit?  Can we get beyond the damage that has been done to our culture and to our future destiny during the wasted years… especially during the months of June, July, and August 2020?   

It is hard to imagine today, in the year 2020, the total absence of human compassion that allowed otherwise decent, self-professed Christians to believe that it was okay to purchase black slaves and to use the threat of the lash to force them to do the menial housework and the backbreaking farm chores that they, themselves, refused to do.  It was a time when slave-masters found no moral impediment to such inhumane practices as the sexual domination of female slaves and the dissolution of entire families, when the children of slaves were literally torn from the arms of their anguished mothers and sold at auction in the town square.

The Democratic Party, dominated by pro-slavery advocates, was founded in 1792, just four years after the ratification of the U.S. Constitution.  During the ratification process, as a means of gaining equity in congressional representation with the more populous states of the Northeast, Democrats callously used their new-found political power to force the adoption of a clause giving slave states the inhumane legal authority to count slaves as just three-fifths of a person. 

In 1833, as the opposition to slavery grew among citizens of the Northeast and the Midwest, local anti-slavery groups began to organize.  Finally, in July 1854, anti-slavery groups met in Jackson, Michigan, for the purpose of forming a new political party, the Republican Party, founded out of mutual opposition to the expansion of slavery to states on the Western frontier.  The Republican Party’s first official platform contained a plank proclaiming: “Congress did not have the right to recognize slavery, but should have an obligation and a right to abolish it.”

With the two sides of the issue clearly defined, the American people fell into a tense and sometimes bloody coexistence.  For example, on May 21, 1856, a large contingent of pro-slavery Missouri Democrats, heavily armed and towing a cannon, attacked and ransacked Lawrence, Kansas, a town founded by abolitionist settlers who hoped to achieve statehood as a free state.  Two abolitionist newspapers were destroyed and a number of other buildings, including the Free State Hotel, were burned to the ground.

Before the flames were fully extinguished in Kansas, Republican Senator Charles Sumner delivered a fiery speech on the Senate floor, condemning slavery and the Kansas invasion.  As he spoke, South Carolina Democrat Preston Brooks crept up behind him and struck him violently over the head with a cane, knocking him unconscious.  When Republican senators came to his aid, they were attacked by other Democrats and a major fist fight ensued.  When we see evil men such as Lyndon Johnson, Robert Byrd, George Mitchell, Harry Reid, and Chuck Schumer on the senate floor, how can we not recall that they stand in the footsteps of Preston Brooks? 

As the years passed, the divide between Democrats and Republicans widened.  Finally, on December 17, 1860, South Carolina became the first majority Democratic state to secede from the Union over the issue of slavery.  And just months later, on April 12, 1861, pro-Democratic forces launched an attack on federal troops at Fort Sumter.  The attack on Fort Sumter marked the official beginning of a civil war between Democrats and Republicans, a four-year war that produced nearly 650,000 casualties.  However, as battles raged across the South, President Lincoln took steps to put an end to the issue of slavery.  On September 22, 1862, he signed the Emancipation Proclamation, bringing an end to the Bondage era of the black man in America and, unknowingly, launching the Jim Crow era. 

As the Jim Crow era began, Republicans wasted no time in amending the U.S. Constitution and adopting the statutes necessary to fully implement the Proclamation.  During the closing years of the 19th century, Republicans authored and enacted the 13th Amendment, outlawing slavery (1864); the Civil Rights Act of 1866; the 14th Amendment, granting citizenship to the freed slaves (1866); the Reconstruction Act of 1867; the 15th Amendment, guaranteeing voting rights for freed slaves (1869); the Force Act of 1871, enforcing voting rights for freed slaves; the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871, outlawing Democratic terror groups; and the Civil Rights Act of 1875.

But Democrats were also busy.  In the Democrat-controlled legislatures of the South, they enacted the Black Codes, establishing for whom African Americans could or could not work, the type of work they could do, as well as evening curfews and travel restrictions.  As a means of intimidating the freed slaves and forcing them to vote for Democratic candidates, they founded the Ku Klux Klan (1866) and other terror groups.  In the years between 1882 and 1951, the Democrats lynched some 3,437 blacks and 1,293 whites, nearly all Republicans.  Beginning in 1875, Democrat-controlled legislatures enacted the Jim Crow laws, dictating where blacks could live, where they could eat and sleep, which restrooms and drinking fountains they could use, and where they could sit in movie theaters and on buses and trains.  Finally, in 1894, Democrats enacted the Repeal Act of 1894, which sought to repeal all of the civil rights legislation enacted by Republican in the previous thirty years.

Such was the relationship between blacks and the Democrat Party between 1792, when the party was founded, and 1954, the beginning of the Wasted years, when the U.S. Supreme Court handed down its Brown v. Board of Education decision, outlawing the concept of “separate but equal” in public accommodations.  It was then that Democrats came to the cynical conclusion that, if they could no longer oppress blacks by force and violence, as they had throughout the Jim Crow era, they would proceed to purchase their allegiance with funds from the public treasury.

The immediate result was the Kennedy-Johnson War on Poverty.  And while young blacks had access to the stories of giants such as George Washington Carver, Frederick Douglass, and Booker T. Washington, white Democrats found that it was not in the best interest of their party for young blacks to see such men as role models.  Instead, at the behest of self-appointed race hustlers such as Jesse Jackson and Al Sharpton, blacks offered themselves as an all-but-unified voting bloc with 90-95% of their votes going to the Democrats who bought and paid for them.

The relationship between blacks and liberals during the wasted years has not been a beneficial one for blacks.  And while white liberals and Democrats have benefitted immensely from the captive black vote, blacks have received only crumbs from the Democratic table.  One does not have to be a psychologist to understand that the recent violence in Ferguson, Chicago, Kenosha, Minneapolis, New York, Portland, and St. Louis; as well as the countless black-on-black killings  and drive-by shootings in black neighborhoods, is evidence that frustration and hopelessness among blacks is fast approaching critical mass… especially among young black males.    

When an entire racial minority comes to the sudden realization that they’ve been played for fools for nearly sixty years, the only result can be crushing disappointment and a deep seething anger.  After raising the expectations of black Americans to the skies, Democrats have failed miserably on their promise to deliver social and economic parity with whites. 

So, now that the wasted years have come to a bitter end and the rule of law has been reduced to nothing more than a useless concept of a bygone era among young blacks, and since it is unlikely that white entrepreneurs will now be willing to establish businesses and provide jobs in minority neighborhoods, where do we go from here?  

Even if young black males were willing and able to make an almost instantaneous transition from their tough street personae to something akin to a Wally Cleaver stereotype, would whites trust and accept the transition?  Not likely.  It would take generations of young black men being on their best behavior for whites to accept them as they were when the close of the Jim Crow era brought with it the promise of a bright future for all.

When author Gary Wills published a book titled The Second Civil War: Arming for Armageddon in 1968, I purchased a hardback copy for my library.  Now, with the rioting, looting, and arson following the murder of George Floyd in May 2020, I thought it was finally time to read it.  On the cover, Wills added a quotation, which reads, “Our crime is not that America is white, but that we do not even know it is.  The Negro does.  He knows it every time a policeman passes… this is two countries… war could arise between the two.”   How do we avoid it?  Can we?


Paul R. Hollrah is a retired government relations executive and a two-time member of the U.S. Electoral College.  He currently lives and writes among the hills and lakes of northeast Oklahoma’s Green Country.

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A Conversation on Race

In his chilling account of the social and economic turbulence in which we now find ourselves – an essay written for the May 11, 2020 edition of The American Spectator, titled “A Time to Hate” – Rabbi Dov Fischer sets the stage by quoting from the Book of Ecclesiastes, Chapter 3:

To everything there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven;

A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that
 which is planted;

A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up…

A time to rend, and a time to sew; a time to keep silence, and a time to speak;

A time to love, and a time to hate; a time for war, and a time for peace.

These are all part of the human experience, the realities of life that most of us encounter during our lifetime.  We’re born, we grow up, we plant, we harvest, we create new life, and if we are so blessed, we play a positive role in the lives of others.  On the other hand, some of us die in infancy or childhood, some of us waste our lives on drugs and alcohol, and some of us lead lives of “quiet desperation” from beginning to end.

Rabbi Fischer goes on to say that he believes most people have the potential for goodness and that he has always tried to find the good in people, until they ultimately prove to him that they have no capacity for good.  Sadly, as he follows the daily reports of violence and looting by Black Lives Matter, Antifa, and other Democratic Party “auxiliaries,” he is now forced to admit that he has “learned to hate.”

How many times will we have to hear of the untimely death of another black man at the hands of police officers because the victim chose not to comply with the lawful orders of the arresting officers?  How many young black men will continue to ignore their parents oft-repeated caution, “If you don’t want the police to shoot you, don’t resist arrest!?”  And will the racial hatred and violence resulting from the brutal murder of George Floyd provide us with a much needed turning point in race relations?    

In the 401 years since the arrival of the first slave ship at Jamestown on August 13, 1619, we have made significant progress in race relations.  But all of that progress was wiped away in just eight minutes and forty-seven seconds when George Floyd resisted arrest and Minneapolis police officer, Derek Chauvin, placed a knee across his throat, cutting off his air supply and killing him.     

As it did when Clayvon Martin lost his life while assaulting a neighborhood watch volunteer in Sanford, Florida, on February 26, 2012; when Eric Garner died while resisting arrest in an altercation with NYPD officers on August 9, 2014; when Michael Brown lost his life while attempting to kill a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, on July 17, 2014; when Freddie Gray lost his life in police custody in Baltimore on April 12, 2015; and when Alton Sterling was shot to death while resisting arrest in Baton Rouge on July 5, 2016, these episodes created a call from all sides of the political spectrum for a “long conversation” about race and race relations.  But when do those conversations begin?  Have any of us, black or white, held such conversations with other members of our community, black or white?  Probably not.  If others are holding such conversations I haven ‘t been invited to participate.  

Since 1988, I have lived in the middle of the Cherokee reservation in eastern Oklahoma, the largest Indian reservation in the nation, comprising all or part of fourteen Oklahoma counties.  But the Cherokees don’t riot, and they don’t loot.  They are gentle, hard-working, peace-loving people.  And because of the extent to which whites have inter-married with native Americans, it is often impossible to tell which of my friends and neighbors carry Cherokee blood and which do not.  Because inter-marriage between whites and those with native American bloodlines has been commonplace for nearly two centuries, those with a substantial amount of native American blood speak of it with pride.  Unlike the white liberals who are offended by the names of sports teams such as the Redskins, the Indians, or the Braves, they carry their Indian blood with pride.

What Americans of European descent cannot fully appreciate is the ethnic epiphany that all black children experience.  Like white children, black children and native American children begin life convinced that once each year, in the early spring, a very large rabbit visits every house in their neighborhood, leaving behind quantities of colored eggs, chocolate rabbits, marshmallow peeps, and plastic eggs containing small amounts of cash.  It is a belief system that all children share and which they continue to hold until, at some point, someone blurts out the truth of the matter.  There’s no such thing as an Easter Bunny.

But the favorite of all children is a gnome known round the world as Santa Claus, or Saint Nick.  He is their favorite nocturnal visitor because he is the most generous.  He can be counted upon to unload a treasure trove of toys and gifts far beyond anything the Easter Bunny or the Tooth Fairy might deliver.  What most kids find so “cool” about Santa is that it’s possible to write to him at the North Pole, listing everything their heart desires, and then expect that most, if not all, of those wishes will show up under the family tree on Christmas Eve.

But learning the truth about Santa Claus, the Easter Bunny, and the Tooth Fairy is one thing.  It is a brief disappointment that soon passes.  But what about black children who can see at an early age that they, because of the color of their skin, are different from white children, and that, because of their skin color, they can expect to be treated differently in most professional and social settings.  That racial awakening comes at an early age and is constantly reinforced throughout their lifetimes. 

How can they not wonder, were the black children they saw romping playfully among the bloated corpses floating in bloody Rwandan river waters in 1994 their distant cousins?  And why are black people around the world still wearing loin cloths and living in mud huts, when those of European and Oriental descent enjoy all of the comforts provided by 21st century technology?  Surely, they must wonder by what cosmic miscalculation their skin color plays such a major role in where they live, how they earn a living, and what they might achieve in their lifetimes. 

But most of us have black friends and acquaintances who have not allowed their skin color to be an impediment to their success.  Some are physicians, business owners, and executives; some are college professors, and some are scientists and engineers.  These opportunities are available to everyone in America.  The difference between the successful and those who are less successful is that their parents understood the formula for success in the modern world and had the wisdom to see to it that their children’s skin color would not be a major factor in their success or failure.

Those parents understood that, in order to achieve social and economic success in 20th and 21st century society, there are certain requirements that must be met.  Children must be in school, on time, every day.  They must behave themselves, they must obey all the rules of classroom decorum, and while they’re in the classroom they must pay close attention to what the teachers are attempting to impart. 

Outside the classroom, they must be on their best behavior, they must stay out of trouble, and they must faithfully complete all of their homework assignments.  When they’ve completed their schooling and entered the work force, they must develop a work ethic that has them at their workplace every day, on time, appropriately dressed and groomed, and prepared to give their employer at least eight hours of their best effort in exchange for eight hours pay.

America is a land of unlimited opportunity.  All that is required to achieve great economic success is to follow the simple formula outlined above.  Failing to take advantage of educational opportunities and the failure to stay out of trouble are not part of a winning formula.  To acquire a lengthy police record by age twenty or twenty-one is not the way to “make it” in America.

So, who are those thugs, black and white, male and female, who fill the streets of Portland, Seattle, Chicago, and other major cities on a nightly basis?  They are the unfortunate children of parents who have failed us and who have failed their own children.  It is they who make it impossible for us to confront racial issues honestly and forthrightly. 

Men such as Barack Obama and Eric Holder have been especially insistent that we have a national conversation about race, but it is impossible to have an open and honest conversation with men of such questionable character. 

Since the day that Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation, Democrats have been interested in nothing more than black votes, no matter what price they had to pay to acquire them.  Until African Americans fully understand the sinister nature of their relationship with the Democrat Party, we can never have the kind of honest conversation that politicians of both political parties, black and white, insist that we have.  It is, and always has been, the responsibility of the Republican Party and Republican elected officials to see to it that all of our black citizens are fully aware of their post-Civil War political history.  Unfortunately, our Republican leaders have not been up to the task and the American people are now being forced to pay a huge price for their inadequacy.  

Paul R. Hollrah is a retired government relations executive and a two-time member of the U.S. Electoral College.  He currently lives and writes among the hills and lakes of northeast Oklahoma’s Green Country.

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